Reducing the risk of diabetes through proper nutrition
Researchers have now found that a low carbohydrate diet can be used by people with risk for Type 2 diabetes, even if they do not lose weight.
Ohio State University's recent study found that low-carbohydrate nutrition brings health benefits to people with type 2 diabetes. There is no need for those who are affected by weight loss. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight.
What Is A Low Carbohydrate Diet?
The study has studied what happens to people with metabolic syndrome (combination of high blood pressure, obesity, sugar and lipid metabolism disorders), if they follow low-carbohydrate diet but do not lose weight. Researchers have found that more than half of people in research no longer meet metabolic syndrome criteria immediately after a four-week low carbohydrate child. However, the current research involved only 16 men and women.
The number of participants was very low
Metabolic syndrome includes many factors that increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. High blood pressure, high levels of blood sugar, excess body fat in the waist and abnormally low levels of HDL cholesterol, as well as high levels of triglycerides, represent health risks that can not be underestimated. In interaction, they become a serious threat.
Does weight loss play a role in low-carbohydrate diets?
After consuming a low carbohydrate child, more than half of the participants (five males and four females) discovered to reverse their metabolic syndrome despite taking a child who deliberately contained enough calories to maintain their weight stable. Previous studies have already shown that low carbohydrate diet may be useful for people with metabolic syndrome and diabetes, but there have been some discussions as to whether this is a result of diet or the consequence of weight loss. There is no doubt that people with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes benefit from a low-carbohydrate diet but usually lose weight through that diet. One of the predominant thoughts is that weight loss initiates health benefits. This was clearly not the case here, the authors of the study reported.
Participants should not lose weight
The author's point of view is that limiting carbohydrate intake even without losing weight improves various metabolic problems. Obviously, dietary quality is very important. Over a period of about four months, each participant had a controlled baby for three months: rich in carbohydrates, moderately reduced carbohydrates and low levels of carbohydrates. There was a break of two weeks between different forms of diet. The order in which the participants took different forms of diet was determined randomly. It is also ensured that participants do not lose weight by preparing calorie meals equivalent to their usual energy consumption.
Postitive effects of low carbohydrate diet
Consuming a low carbohydrate child resulted in various beneficial effects, especially lower triglycerides and improved cholesterol levels. Despite the fact that a low carbohydrate diet contains 2.5 times more saturated fat than a high carbohydrate diet, it reduces saturated fat in the blood and is associated with increasing cholesterol size in the blood, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Diseases are reduced, the authors say. There was also evidence of increased fat burning efficiency after low-carbohydrate diet and blood glucose levels. However, no statistically significant improvement in blood pressure or insulin resistance was noted.
Weight loss could even improve the results even more
Even a modest limit on carbohydrates is enough to reverse metabolic syndrome in some people, but others have to even lower carbohydrate consumption, researchers say. Because of the design of the study, the waistline was not considered as a cause of metabolic syndrome. According to a research by the researcher, if it was still to lose weight, in the diet of poor carbohydrates, far more people would be classified as without disease. However, this study does not address the potential long-term benefits and challenges of low carbohydrate nutrition, which requires long-term nutrition studies in people with metabolic syndrome. (As)
- Parker N. Hyde / Teryn N. Sapper / Christopher D. Crabtree et al., Carbohydrate Limits in Food, Weight Loss Independent Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight, https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight. 128308: 22.06.2019)