Ibn Sina, the key person in Islamic philosophy and science, celebrates the 982th anniversary of his death.
Ibn Sina was born in 980 in Afshan, a village in Uzbekistan, when the Persian dynasty Samanid ruled the region. In the West it is often called Avicenna.
Ibn Sina is part of our mind. If we neglect it, we neglect ourselves, "said Omer Turker, professor of Islamic Philosophy at the University of Marmara in Istanbul, Anadolu Agency.
"Ibn Sina was a key figure in Islamic philosophy and scientific tradition at a time when Islam dominated the scientific world," Turker said.
"The theories and views of Ibn Sina are the central part of Islamic philosophy," he added.
It is believed that philosophy is today devoted to logic and metaphysics, but from the classic period to the Renaissance philosophy is used as a name that encompasses all intellectual productions, including physics, mathematics, ethics, politics, and metaphysics. He said.
According to Turker, there are some areas that make Ibn Sina unique in the history of thought.
First of all, he was the first character in the classical world in metaphysics and medicine.
He was also a pioneering thinker in the field of logic, theoretical physics, mathematics and music theory.
Turker said he also made important contributions in the areas of ethics, practical philosophy, psychology, astronomy and medicine.
A key figure in the history of mankind
Turker emphasized that Ibn Sina was a great tradition of philosophy and science, which originated in the Hellenistic period, following the death of Alexander the Great, the millennium before his birth.
"The ultimate answer to the question of the scientific knowledge given by Ibn Sina," he explained.
"Ibn Sina is an important figure not only for the philosophical processes in Islamic civilization but also for the history of mankind and the history of thought," Turker emphasized.
Turker emphasized that in his time it was impossible to conduct scientific studies independently of the theories set forth by Ibn Sina.
"Ibn Sina is one of the most important thinkers who brought Islam into human history."
Turker emphasized the importance of the works of Ibn Sina, such as Kitab al-Shifa (Book of Healing), the main philosophy of Ibn Sina, Al-Isharat wa al-Tanbihat (remarks and warnings) and Kitab al-Najat (Book of salvation). .
Kitab al-Shifa, who studied logic, physics, mathematics and metaphysics, has conducted all subsequent studies of philosophy and science, Turker claims.
Al-Isharat wa al-tanbihat has created a basic form of study of philosophy in the Islamic world, Turker said.
After the death of Ibn Sina, his works formulated the philosophy of the Islamic world, and for a short time, mostly in Latin, he came to the West.
The Western world has studied classical thought and science through the works of Ibn Sina until the 18th century.
Representative of scientific, philosophical knowledge
The most important feature of Ibn Sina is that he represents scientific and philosophical knowledge of the classical world, Turker claims.
The history of philosophy was to be divided on Turkera before and after Ibn Sina.
"Western writers have diminished the importance of Ibn Sina for strengthening the emphasis on the Old Testament in rewriting and reengineering the history of philosophy."
Turker stressed the importance of Ibn Sina for modern science and philosophy and said, "The evolutionary processes of the history of thought can not be analyzed without consideration of Ibn Sina."
Systems of Muslim philosophical thoughts
Turker argued that Ibn Sina's theories provide important opportunities for Muslims to develop their own philosophical thinking systems.
He also emphasized that Ibn Sina could help solve the common problems of all mankind.
"The views of Ibn Sina are an important foundation for us to gather original thoughts about all the problems of modern times," he said.