- Health Minister Melanie Huml (CSU) in the report offers suggestions for healthier nutrition.
- The report also contains information on the health of the Bavarians: people in the Free State eat healthier and healthier.
- In addition, teeth health has improved significantly.
This is a terrible law, but everyone can now realize it: "In 2016, a total of 212,000 years of life were lost in Bavaria for premature deaths below 65 years." This can be read in the first Bavarian Prevention Report, which Health Minister Melanie Huml (CSU) presented to the public on Monday in the city hall in Augsburg. The intention is also to serve as an incentive for the population to "strengthen their own responsibility for health". "No way," said Huml, "but it's about duty to live a healthy life." The focus of the Bavarian preventive policy is to persuade, and for that purpose, the new report "provides an updated database".
Many of the unhappy people, sure the minister, could still live today – if they have taken health-prevention measures. Specifically, common diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and some common types of cancer can in many cases be "avoided but at least positively affected". A large part of the disease in Bavaria is caused by risk factors – smoking, hypertension, excessive alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet and increased body weight.
This is seen in a new report. Accordingly, 39 percent of the deaths in Bavaria are due to cardiovascular disease, 25 percent to cancer. But still-deadly diseases often cause strong restraint on the quality of life. Last but not least, they are also a cost factor. According to the Prevention Report, health expenditures in Bavaria in 2014 amounted to EUR 51.6 billion.
Compared to this large amount, the costs for preventive work, health promotion and health protection are quite expandable. In 2014, about EUR 1.9 billion was invested in these three areas in the Free State. These expenditures bring results, proving a drop in newborn mortality. In Germany, in the sixties, it was significantly more than in most other Western industrial countries. Meanwhile, in the Free State, as noted by Huml, there are fewer than three dead-born babies per 1000 live-births.
The expected life expectancy in Bavaria continues to grow
Significantly improved the health of the teeth. As Huml said, now 72 percent of 12-year-olds have "healthy teeth". Thanks to intense prevention, there has been a "drop in smoking in children and adolescents and adults" and stagnation of overweight among schoolchildren. Also comfortable: According to the report, the number of fatal accidents at work "abruptly drops".
Another indication that the prevention is worthwhile, Huml sees in the fact that the life expectancy of people in Bavaria is now as high as never before. Men are now 79.1 years old and women 83.6 years old. According to the Prevention Report, more than 70 percent of people in the Free State feel healthy and evaluate their health status as "good" or even "very good". But it's not all good. Although the trend of excessive body weight has been stopped in children, the proportion of people with excessive body weight increases in the rest of life.
While Huml is seeking recognition for a new report stating, among other things, preventive measures, among others, health promotion actors, the state opposition criticizes them: "It's a nice hard job, but I do not know exactly what to do with it," says Ruth Waldmann, spokeswoman for the health of the SPD parliamentary group. What is missing in all information is the relationship to real needs. "The report best describes why geriatric rehabilitation is important," Waldmann says. However, the fact that the number of seats dramatically tends to be poorly funded, "they do not write anything about it". Christina Haubrich from Green, however, misses "gender-specific preventive measures" in this report.