The free nation is older than ever. The first Bavarian report on prevention shows why it is – and which problems still exist.from
No steps in the day, a piece of pie in the afternoon, beer in the evenings, and even better cigarettes: if you live your life, even so many health care offers will not help you. "An individual's personal behavior can cause so much," Health Minister Melanie Huml said on Monday in Augsburg. Not too surprising knowledge – as opposed to a few details from the first Bavarian Prevention Report, which was presented by the Civil Society Minister on Monday in the city hall. On the good 160 pages he lists numerous statistics that healthcare offers exist in Bavaria and how prevention affects the general condition of Bavarians. For many diseases, "an impressive success has been achieved", emphasizes Huml.
In any case, it is clear that the expected life expectancy of people in the Free State increases for two months each year. The girls born today live on average for almost 84 years. On average, 76 are on average healthy. On average, men are 79 and 71 are healthy.
100 years ago this was quite different, explained Manfred Wildner, head of the Bavarian State Office for Health in Augsburg. "At that time, people were still about 40 years old." Even the beginning of life today is much easier – even when it comes to minor health problems that have been growing up for a long time. Tooth decay, for example, today is hardly a problem. 72 percent of twelve-year-olds have so-called "naturally healthy dentition", ie no caries. For Hum, there is evidence that the education of tooth health works in kindergartens and schools.
Smoking and alcohol are still the two biggest risks
Smoking and alcohol, the two biggest health risks, are less frequent among young people in Bavaria than ever since the records began in 1979 – according to the Report on Prevention, the result of smoking ban and campaign of non-smoking in schools.
Four percent of the money spent by the state on the health of citizens is invested in retirement insurance. It is currently about two billion euros. Huml wants a comprehensive prevention that supports healthy lifestyles. "It is especially important to motivate more people to live the lives of those who are aware of the health."
Because many diseases are caused by some risk factors: smoking, high blood pressure, excessive alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, lack of exercise and obesity. The older people get older, the more they are sick. Four of the five people who need it in the Free State are older than 65 – in the northeast of Bavaria, by the way, more than in the south, largely because many young people from the structurally weak areas of Upper Pfalz and Upper Franconia move to economically powerful south. In 2018, Huml founded the Bavarian State Bureau for Nurses, which among other things aims to provide more places for short-term care.
A health expert requires more money for prevention
Although Bavaria, according to the report, works well in terms of preventive services and the health of its citizens, it is not just about health care. Health expert Manfred Wildner called him "a shameful" fact that only four percent of health spending falls on prevention. "We'd like to make more money."
Huml ignored the complaint, but called her goals: people would, for example, need to be more sensitive to early detection in adulthood. Only good 16 percent of adults in Germany recently used their colonoscopy claim, and only one of the two women used breast cancer screening.
According to Hum, the big problem is that the number of people with excessive body weight increases with age. Every fifth elder is obese. Instead of enjoying the cake, and not riding a bicycle, that mind change has yet to be overcome.