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Pollen and allergies in transition?

People with allergy to pollen are now more than upset: the pollen diligently marries. Thanks to climate change, pollen season is also regularly expanding.

Our modern way of life greatly contributes to the fact that allergies occur more frequently over the years and can negatively affect the immune system of humans and animals. The causes of allergic reactions can be very different. For example, in nature. Particularly at a time when hibernation is over and everyone is happy about spring waking, it means allergy sufferers, coughing, difficulty breathing, watery eyes and / or nose drops. Especially in the time of the pollen, which takes place mainly from spring to summer. But, especially in the last few years, there is a tendency to see: the number of pollen is intensifying and the season is longer. But why? Are climate change wrong and what can affect people?

Figure 1: Nice to Watch – But Horror for Allergy People: The Plush Season is in full swing!

© myest erampe (CC0 license) / equilibreplus.com.com

What does it really mean for allergies?

Allergies are an exaggerated reaction of the immune system to substances that come into contact with the organism. In pudgy fever, these are the proteins that enter the body through the respiratory tract. In an intact immune system, these allergens, such as pollen, are harmless. The second reaction may be contact allergy, which manifests itself as redness, pustule or eczema with tremendous itching.

The impact of climate change on the longer pollen season

Climate change, above all the increase in temperature, significantly influences the time, and thus the growth of plants and animals. Numerous studies on the northern hemisphere show a prolonged period of growth and flowering time of up to 2 weeks. The consequence is that the polet starts earlier. In addition, warmer temperatures lead to pollen increase, which is then in the air. More temperatures promote seedlings and their growth so that the number of pollen in a. 1.2 times in the breeze or 6.5 times in ashes. Another factor contributing to the increase of pollen causes higher concentrations of carbon dioxide. As a result, medium and northern European plants react with increased photosynthesis, ie, CO 2 acts on plants such as fertilizers.

However, climate change and pollution can not be separated. Especially because environmental pollutants of ozone, fine dust or nitrogen oxides can be responsible for the fact that pollen is muted, so to speak. In other words, they change when more and more the proteins or substances that cause allergies are created or new allergens are created. People themselves are further affected by environmental pollutants, so that, for example, lungs are no longer strong enough to prevent an allergic reaction in the form of asthma.

However, climate change not only caused pollen growth but also expansion of warm oak procession molasses, moths previously inhabited as caterpillars with hairs, mainly oak or graft. If a person approaches just the tree where the caterpillars have settled hundreds of people, allergic reactions to the skin, eyes or throat are inevitable.

Which pollen spread not only fast but also more and more?

The globalization of the global economy or tourism certainly has a positive impact on humanity. However, the exchange of goods from distant countries, such as traveling to other continents, carries certain risks. From the discovery of America, many of the plants and animals came to Europe on these paths. However, some seeds of plants or pollen that hold a traveling suit or backpack can be nested and multiplied if they return well and in good conditions. Many useful and decorative plants are intentionally introduced into the earth, such as potatoes or corn. However, other plants remained unnoticed in the original areas where they developed freely. Some of them exhale at least native plants, while others are known as allergenic activators.

  • Japanese Knotweed occupies the habitat of other plants
  • Giant Bear Claw, other plants poisoned
  • Indian balm occupies the habitat of other plants
  • Japanese cedar, also known as a sickle or a jelly, triggers allergies
  • Olive, causes allergies
  • Ambrose, causes severe allergies

Ambrosians or Ambrosians are called neophytes because they are immigrant plant species scientifically named, originally from America.

It is expanding in European countries

using a mixture of seeds, contaminated birds or seeds.

The Greek name ambrosia, the food of the gods, can, as an ambrosium (ambrosia artemisiifolia), justify deities but is a dangerous allergen to people, even punished in Switzerland, Italy and Hungary if the plant has not been destroyed. This plant, whose flowering itself embraces billions of pollen, is spreading at lightning speed, which is further increased by the consequences of climate change.

How can I protect allergies?

No one is really immune to allergies, so an elderly person can suffer from plush suddenly, even though he has never been tortured for a lifetime. That's why the first rule for everyone: Prevention! It hardly differs from what an allergic person should pay attention:

1. Taking medicines
Special mention is made of tablets (antihistamines), eye drops, nasal spray and asthma sprays. A good alternative to nose spray is to rinse your nose with lukewarm, slightly salted water. In severe allergies, it is always necessary to set up a kit for autoinectory epinephrine (anaphylactic shock). Alternatively, it is also possible to rely on homeopathic remedies, as published on idealo.de.

2. Work without a carpet
In the apartment / carpet house, in case of severe allergies there is also no carpet. Better nursing floors are better. Remove the shoes from the living room.

Prepare the bedroom
Cold foam mattresses, pads and pillows, microfiber linens (no hair) Protect bedding from synthetic or bed linen, especially with allergy-based clothing. Regularly change bedding and wash at 60 ° C. In addition, people suffering from allergies should not be pulled and removed in the bedroom. Keep room temperature at 18 ° C and good air every day.

4. Pets
Do not leave pets in bed and brush every day. This is especially true when a dog or cat is constantly out there. Dogs are also bathing once a month.

5. Fight against dust
It is a desirable flat without dust. This includes a vacuum cleaner with a so-called HEPA filter and a regular wet wipe. A car vent filter would also be convenient.

6. Wash your hair before bedtime
An allergy person must change clothes when he comes home and, if possible, at least in Pollenze, wash his hair before bedtime.

Figure 2: What to do against feverish fever? There are many possible measures!

© cenczi (CC0 license) / equilibreplus.com.com

Conclusion – climate change does not affect pollen

Changing nature is not possible for the individual, but with simple means of protection from allergy, it does not waste much effort or much money. A and O mean avoiding and ensuring a healthy immune system!