Berlin (dpa / tmn) – Noodles were yesterday. From punching bags to bicycles to the dance floor, today there are almost all sports or fitness equipment for water. Rule: Almost everything that landed on land is also possible as an Aqua variant.
After all, it's no longer just about dirty aqua fitness, but about such great sports like "Aqua Fit Cross" or – the dance pole – "Aqua Pole Dance". "The providers are very creative," says Anna Welker, a lecturer at the German University of Health and Safety at Saarbrücken.
From origin to suitability of mass
In any case, aquafitness is a serious sport. It also issues the beginnings of the discipline: "This was originally developed in the 1980s for American mariners as a rehabilitation sport in injuries," said sports scientist Thorsten Dargatz, who wrote several books on the subject.
From the Sea Peacock, the aquafitness has migrated to American athletes, from other athletes to sports – and ultimately to the mass of recreational athletes. Relatively easy access makes this sport popular. Those who have come to the list of partially completed courses, with enrollment and course for courses without any running costs. Finish your swimsuit and you're done.
Aquafitness is perfect for the elderly and pregnant
Aquafitness is also great for those who have problems with other sports, overweight or patients with osteoarthritis. Since water facilitates, the joining of the joints is a little to no end. "For pregnant women or women after birth, aquafitness is better than many other sports because it is virtually no vibration," says Welker.
Even in the climax of old people's sports is the spark of truth: "That, of course, is perfect for the elderly," explains Dargatz. "They are still able to train relatively intensively, more intensively than on land." Almost there is no risk of injury and there is no risk of muscle pain.
Intensive variants for endurance, strength or calorie consumption
However, aquafitness is equally competitive sport, especially in the popular Tabat version or high intensity variants. This trend has also been made from water studies. "It takes only 4, 7 or 15 minutes, but it's really down to work with very short interruptions," says Dargatz. The results show: "Calorie consumption is very high in aqua fitness even with moderate intensity," says Welker.
At the same time, the water training is very flexible. "You can set different goals – more to strength, endurance, coordination, and theoretical speed," explains Welker. "With the right training plan you do not need to balance the sport because there should be no deficits."
Restrictions for some patients
However, aquafitness is not very suitable for everyone: Strong neurological deficits such as balance problems would be a reason, for example, says Welker – as well as epilepsy or certain allergies. Aquafitness athletes do not have to swim, but they should not be pure peasants. "People should get used to getting used to water – they must be able to float in the water, even dive, just to make sure."
The expert also advises that Aquafitness does not work as a stand alone sport. At least in the beginning, the group should be under expert guidance: "Sami, let's see what possibilities there are and what seems reasonable training."
Thorsten Dargatz: Aqua Fitness. 7th edition, Copress Sport 2017, 128 pages, 14.99 euros. ISBN: 978-3767912090.