What employers have to do when the workplace heat rises above 26 degrees Celsius, explain the Federal Employment Office's "Technical Rules for Workplaces". For example, according to the rules, it must be appropriate Sun protection systems, such as roller shutters or glass glass take care. At temperatures above 30 degrees additional technical, organizational and personal measures are required, eg Employer must notify its employees suitable drinks offer. From 36 degrees Celsius, room work can no longer be expected from employees. The employer has to think about alternatives: home office, for example.
Outdoors workers are particularly at risk
But what about open-air workers, for example, on construction sites? For them, the home office is not taken into account and they are particularly vulnerable, for example because they are exposed to up to three times the dose of UV radiation within one year of other employees. So, they also have a significantly increased risk of developing skin cancer. They can also avoid heat as employees in an air-conditioned office or store. This episode can Thermal exhaustion, heat stroke or circulation failure, which may be deadly.
Checklist: What can employers and employees do to counter heat and the sun?
- Move the working time: In order to avoid burning in the sun and heat, employers can shift the hours in early morning and / or late evening. UV radiation is highest between 11 and 15 hours, temperatures reach between 16 and 17 hours at the highest level.
- Experts point out that Exposure to sun and heat at workplaces at high altitudes is greaterIn addition, metal or white background can increase the heat. Here makes sense To change the working hours.
- more Rotation at workKeep as short a time as a person has to work outdoors.
- affairs shades of tenderness.
- Fixed outward jobs roof over.
- Reduce physical stress as much as possibleby putting in marginal time or by distributing a few employees.
- Jobs that are not outdoors as good as possible ventilate.
- For enough Pause in a cold environment take care.
- Construction machinery and vehicles s air conditioning equip.
- Vehicles and Forklifts with glass equip UV protection have.
- PSA with UV protection make it available. Sun protection helmets subsidizes BG BAU with other sun protection measures. The cooperative also offers a brochure on this subject.
- Provide enough sunscreen that is neither sweat nor water-soluble. Experts recommend Sunscreen Sun Protection Cream (SPF) of at least 30, In case of skin cancer disease advises German Social Insurance Against Accidents (DGUV) sun protection from a LSF more than 50The oils and sprays are less suitable. Apply cream as thicker and rinse several times a day to provide protection.
- beverages such as unwashed teas, water or fruit spreaders for employees. make it available. They should not be too cold because they additionally inflow the body to heat the fluid to the body temperature.
- First aid measures Refresh your employees to know what to do if your fellow is first Symptoms of heat sickness shows.
- Long, light clothes wear. Protects skin from direct sunlight.
- Door protection helmet To replace.
- Protect your eyes from UV rays with sunglasses that meet the requirements of DIN EN 172. sunglasseswhich are considered PSAs have a CE mark.
- Drink a lot"Experts advise at least three liters per day at high temperatures, light and fresh dishes such as salads and fruit.
- Anyone who complains of dizziness, headache, indifference, or nausea is likely Circulation problem. Cold water on the wrists or under the armpits can help, Those affected should immediately drink enough water and, if possible, raise their feet to restart the circulation.