The first shock was already big enough. In 2011, Ekkehard Eichler, a retired chemist from Berlin, suffered a heart attack. He came to the hospital, he had to get into the artificial limb, finally, the doctors placed four ring roads in the emergency surgery. "It saved my neck then," says Eichler. However, during the operation, a particularly dangerous type of Staphylococcus aureus bacterium entered the Eichler's body, the hospital wing, so well adapted to the clinical field, that it now has many antibiotics survived. Eichler's heart was beaten, but the two scars on his chest did not close, the bacteria held them open. For days. For a few weeks. For years. That was the second shock.
Since the beak lived in the outback wound, Eichler was half a dozen times in hospital, every few weeks in a row. The doctors took the wounds and gave Eichler to Meropenma, an infusion of antibiotics that had been in his hand. Always new: Since then he had to endure 30 good operations, says Eichler, always under general anesthesia, always exhausting. "You can see everything," she says. "If only he could help." Modern high performance medicine hardly could have affected staphylococci. It's never been a long time before the spikes come back.
Last year, when Eichler was again hospitalized, the senior physician gave a radical suggestion: to finally get rid of the germ, he wanted Eichler to take the chest, it would be best to agree on the operation. The doctor gave the retirees a description of the procedure, a manual written for the surgeon. "It's good that he gave it to me," says Eichler. Description of the chest and free ribs were so frightening to the 74-year-old that he was looking for a second rat-fired solution. He found them in Tbilissi, Georgia, 2,642 kilometers of airline from his home in Brandenburg.
That would be the return of viral therapy
Tbilisi has recently become a pilgrimage spot for many who are no longer able to help modern Western antibiotic medicine. The way in which treatment in Georgia is initially sounded is strange. Doctors reinfect infected patients – viruses. But the viruses they give do not make people sick. You should kill the bacteria. Although many scientists are cautious in approaching, there is still too much gaps in research. And yet, hope is high: Can we soon cure infections in Germany threatening to make our antibiotics ineffective? Do Gruzani have the solution of one of the major modern medicine crises?
It would be a return, because viral therapy had already been developed before the antibiotics came to the market. They only long forgot. During the First World War, French-Canadian microbiologist Felix d 'Hérelle worked in Paris with bacteria, which he received from soldiers suffering from Ruhr. In 1917 he came to the conclusion that the pathogen obviously had a natural enemy – a special type of virus called the Herelle bacteriophage. Bacteria are eaten. A little later he treated the first patients with the pounds.
The bacteria becomes a phage factory
Viruses can not duplicate themselves. You need a host for this. They must take away another organism that infects their genetic material. Flu viruses, for example, specialize in cells that cover our respiratory tract. Some herpes viruses use our copying skin cells. A part of white blood cells is in turn hosted by HIV-related HIV. By contrast, the phage does not inject DNA into our body cells, but in the bacterium and is reprogrammed as it is: bacteria does not produce any proteins for themselves, but new fags. Until the bacteria are full of phage and cracks. Strictly speaking, the phag does not eat bacteria, as their name says. It turns it into a small phage factory that runs full speed until it breaks.
Newly produced phages attack the following bacteria until all pathogens are eliminated. Then the phages can not multiply and die. The infection is cured.