Prevention of sun allergy: An introduction
Sun allergy is not a narrow-minded allergy. It describes various complaints caused by sun exposure in some people.
A common feature is the non-functional protective mechanism of the body against UV radiation. You can find out what symptoms arise from how to increase sunscreen and thus reduce your risk here.
Prevention of sun allergy: Symptoms of PLD
Depending on the severity, the symptoms of sun allergy are different. The most common is the so-called Polymorphic photodermatosis (PLD), especially young, fair skin sufferers. The term polymorphic means versatile and refers to the complexity of possible symptoms:
- swelling of the skin
- Blisters or nodes on the skin
Particularly places that often come in contact with the sun and thus the sun in summer (Neck, shoulders, arms, legs), are increasingly affected. The sensitivity is particularly high in the stages where the skin returns to stronger contact with the sun after some time, for example in spring.
Prevention of sun allergy: Other known forms
- Mallorca acne: As funny as the name may sound, Mallorca's acne is considered a special form of PLD. The appearance is similar to acne, and more pronounced in people prone to acne.
- Phototoxic reaction: Due to the chemicals, the skin becomes more sensitive to the sun and tends to burn in the sun. The skin itches, hurts or changes color. The reaction can be triggered by contact with perfumes or special plants.
- Photoallergic reaction: This form is actually an allergy. In this process, the body develops antibodies against drugs or make-up, so that at the next contact with the substances and the sun's rays, the skin causes an allergic reaction.
Prevent sun allergies: 4 practical tips
- Sun protection: Sunscreen is an important factor when it comes to sunscreen. It is important that you have already sunk in the sun 30 minutes before walking and after each bath in water after the cream. The SPF should be at least 30, ideally 50. Prefer sunscreens that are free of ointments and emulsifiers.
- solarium: If you are prone to sun allergy, you can slowly get used to the sun by visiting the solarium. But you should not overdo it. Just a few minutes, and depending on your skin type, you should consult your dermatologist beforehand. Make sure that both UVA and UVB rays enter, as polymorphic photodermatosis can only be triggered by both.
- phototherapy: With a dermatologist you can perform a light cure with phototherapy. In phototherapy, the skin is exposed to UV light for several weeks before sunbathing.
- micronutrients: In particular, calcium, beta-carotene and some vitamins are considered to be effective micronutrients for the prevention of sun allergy. However, this has not been scientifically proven and you should consult your doctor about which preparations are useful for you.
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