Review of Genetic Engineering 2

Review of Genetic Engineering

The promises of "green genetic engineering" were promising, hardly any more pesticides needed. Now the new report is drawing a completely different picture. Since the start of commercial cultivation of GM crops, approximately 145 million kilograms of more pesticides have been released in the United States than before. One reason is the rapid increase in weeds that are immune to total herbicides. The Charles Benbrook study from the Organic Center is based on data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

"US GM farmers are trying to control weeds with even more chemicals," says Global Genetic Engineering Specialist 2000 Global Werner Müller. "In their hopeless struggle, villagers resort to increasingly brutal methods against the environment and eventually people," says the expert. So they used "ancient poisons" like paraquat and 2,4D – a substance used in the Vietnam War as an "agent of orange" – one.

According to a study on cotton and maize, small insecticide savings were achieved. "But even here the leaf should turn around soon as soon as the first resistant insects invade the cornfields," Müller suspects. From the very beginning, critics doubted the savings in the pesticide sector. "Besides, even then, it was feared that there would soon be resistant weeds and insects."

The huge increase in pesticide use in the US would surprise even critics, Müller said. "You can see how desperate American farmers are fighting the consequences of genetic engineering." It can be assumed that "green genetic engineering" has already reached its peak in the United States. "With the growing weed problem, more and more American geneticists are turning their back on genetic engineering."

"Why Europe continues to advocate the introduction of genetic engineering in light of these figures is completely unclear," says Müller. Europe should invest less in genetic research and more in organic agriculture "to avoid disasters such as the use of the Orange Weed Agent."

A five-year moratorium

CSU Secretary-General Markus Söder warns of premature "entry into commercial use" of green genetic engineering. The rejection in the population continued to be overwhelming: "Until consumers can be completely sure that genetically modified food is safe, they will decide in the supermarket against these products," Söder writes in a post for Berlin's Tagesspiegel. "Conscious and responsible use of our environment" obliges a person to continue with a sense of proportion: "Ultimately, only fully mature technology can be used," says the CSU Secretary General.

Söder is in favor of "making it clear to research" but also to further discuss the commercial use of green genetic engineering. He proposes a voluntary five-year moratorium to reduce "existing and legitimate reserves through solid and consistent research." "It must be clear to people what concrete added value green genetic engineering can provide when."

June 16, 2006 in: News

Genetic engineering

In the EU countries, the number of field trials with genetically modified plants has decreased by almost 80 percent since 1998. This is reported by a German-Spanish research team in an investigation with the European Commission. The main reason was therefore the ban on the authorization of such plants throughout the EU. However, the number of experiments is expected to increase in the future. Globally, GMOs have increased significantly in recent years, reaching around 59 million hectares in 2002. The figure is declining in the EU alone.

In the fall of 1998, the EU Environment Council of Ministers agreed on a de facto moratorium. Accordingly, no new genetically modified variety may be approved until stricter rules, such as labeling, liability or traceability, have taken effect.

However, an increase in field trials is expected in the near future. The main reason for this is that the EU adopted a new release directive last year and that manufacturers have now developed a large number of genetically modified plants.

First of all, herbicide resistance tests, insect bites and diseases are likely to be conducted, so that is the assumption. It is expected that in the next decade alone, food crops will produce more health promoting substances or fewer allergens.

March 25, 2003 under: Environment

Genetic engineering

Federal Research Minister Edelgard Bulmahn (SPD) is in favor of a rapid global ban on human cloning. "A year ago, the federal government, along with the French government, vehemently pursued an international ban on human reproductive cloning and we will do everything we can to ensure an effective global ban," Bulmahn said Sunday.

In Germany, it is forbidden to clone humans. "Any violation would be severely punished," says Bulmahn. The news of the birth of the allegedly first cloned baby shocked her. "Regardless of whether the reports are accurate or not, the mere attempt to use genetically identical human beings to produce and produce human technology violates human dignity," the minister continues. This cannot be justified even by the freedom of science.

On 4 January 2003 under: work

Brandenburg

The Gentech Initiative Group (IgG) wants to protest the recently launched genetic engineering test in Lentzke (Ostprignitz-Ruppin, Brandenburg) on ​​a bicycle tour on Sunday, August 25th.

At 11 o'clock the bicycle demonstration at Neuruppiner Schulplatz begins and from there it "heads loud and colorful" towards Lentzke. It is planned to tour the trial field and picnic area and discuss nearby.

On 07 August 2002 under: politician

The Initiative Against Hidden Genetic Engineering

Our Sava Initiative advocates that any genetic contamination with conventional seeds must be labeled so that agriculture and GMOs will continue to exist in the future while preserving our freedom of choice. Save Our Seeds The "Face Face" initiative provides every citizen with the opportunity to comment on the current debate on genetic engineering by sending a photo with their message Save Save Semeds. This message will then be posted on their site. The initiative has so far been supported by more than 200,000 citizens.

In the coming months, it will be decided in Brussels and Berlin whether there will be more seeds in the future without genetic engineering. In Germany, genetically modified fattening is prohibited in biological and conventional fields. The EU Commission now wants to introduce thresholds for contaminated seeds. Subsequently, for example, 0.5% of corn seeds and 0.3% of rapeseed are genetically modified seeds, without the need for labeling. In a biologically managed corn field, every 200th plant could be genetically modified without the farmer knowing it.

February 12, 2004 under: Consumer Protection

Eight varieties

On the outskirts of Magdeburg, a gene corn field of about an acre was destroyed on the night of August 29, according to police. Unknown culprits cut the field fence separated by parcel and subsequently destroyed eight varieties of genetically modified maize plants that were planted for experimental purposes in May this year.

Police estimate the damage at € 35,000. Crime damage investigates property damage.

August 30, 2007 in: News

Research

After years of research, Chinese researchers have been able to produce rapeseed seeds for the production of automotive and agricultural fuels. This is reported by the Singapore Straits Times. A new type of rapeseed should facilitate the transition to organic fuels. Chen Jinqing, executive director of the Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, was one of the first scientists to postulate the hypothesis of "substrate competition" in plants.

With the change in fat and protein levels in rapeseed seeds, a new energy source for the future is also emerging, the scientist said.

Dr. Xu Kuangdi, president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, wants to further promote this project as it presents a new perspective for Chinese agriculture. In addition to rape, the possibility of using soy, sesame, sunflower and rice as a substitute for fossil fuels is also being explored. Scientists are reviewing even traditionally used Chinese medicinal plants and rose oil. Xu hopes the new findings will enable a broad supply of biofuels.

The theory of "substrate competition" suggests that there is "competition" in the creation of two protein substances and fats. Using this hypothesis, Chinese researchers were able to grow new plants. Two new types of rapeseed Super-Oil Number One and Super-Oil Number Two contained 47 and 53 percent, respectively.

February 24, 2003 in: News

Harmful of conventional varieties

The Belgian government blocks the entire EU license for a genetically modified rape plant. This is reported by the environmental organization Greenpeace. Belgian Ministers of Environment and Health announced on Monday that Belgian authorities fear the negative effects of GM rape on biodiversity and uncontrolled spread. Farmers could not avoid polluting their fields and crops. Genetic engineering of the rapeseed that has been denied approval comes from Bayer CropSciences.

Belgium's decision prevents EU-wide breeding licenses. "The fact that Bayer failed with GM rape is also a success for the environment and consumers in Austria," explained Thomas Fertl, a genetic engineering specialist at Greenpeace Austria. Before the rape was approved, there was a field trial in the UK. Following field trials in the UK, the Belgian GMO concludes that the cultivation of GM rapeseed damages the environment more than the cultivation of conventional varieties. It has also been found that insects can tolerate rapeseed pollen for several kilometers. Such research shows that it is almost impossible to control GM crops and protect GM crops.

However, the Greenpeace environmental organization warns of other GM plants pending approval across the EU. An unauthorized type of rapeseed is "MS8xRF3" rapeseed, which is genetically engineered to resist herbicides.

On February 03, 2004 under: News