Winemakers in Kaiserstuhl and in Tuniberg think the "Save the Bees" referendum is a threat to our existence.
EICHSTETTEN / Boetzingen / Merdingen. Many winemakers in the region criticize the "Save the Bees" referendum. Requirements for them go too far, as they would mean too many cuts and endanger their existence. However, Nabu Conservation Advisor Sarah Adelmann thinks the debate is too late and the growers' concerns are unfounded.
Halve pesticide-contaminated areas by 2025, protect orchards and ban pesticides in protected areas – these are the goals of the referendum initiator. Everyone wants to protect insects, but how biodiversity can be effectively promoted and farmers and growers can be tolerated is currently the subject of intense debate. In particular, the ban on pesticides in protected areas raises many concerns. Because large portions of surfaces lie in such areas. Growers fear that, for example, they may no longer use copper to protect their vines from fungi. The result could be a failed crop.
"Since Kaiserstuhl is almost entirely composed of different protected areas, the effects of the referendum here would be absolutely catastrophic, as we growers would be driven to utter ruin," says Erwin Meier, president of Winzergenossenschaft Bötzingen. Organic cultivation is not possible without plant protection. Organic herbs also have to protect crops and would be forced to give. As time went on, Kaiserstuhl would grow, fade and no longer provide habitat for bees, other animals and plants. he is afraid. "We winemakers in Bötzingen and all of Kaiserstuhl are fully committed to our responsibility to preserve a unique cultural landscape. This responsibility should now be taken away with us by referendum? .
The unilateral and absurd demands of the referendum must be clearly rejected, Meier demands. "It cannot be a requirement that all the consequences and signature collection should not be considered first without the population being fully informed of this complex issue," he says. "Environmental protection and nature conservation are important to us, not just growers and farmers. Our professional group represents only one percent of the workforce, but currently feels that it is one hundred percent of environmental sins. That certainly cannot be so," Meier points out.
"I have been farming my farm since 1988 and only use pesticides if I have to, nobody is spending too much money, and if we limit ourselves further, we will break it. Not me. If the referendum passes, many will stop and there will be a flood. on land, "fears biowinzer Heinrich Gretzmeier of Merdingen. It grows two acres of fungal resistant varieties like Regent or Solaris. "I also have to inject it twice a year," he explains. "Marketing works on two acres, but that would be impossible on 12. Varieties are not as popular as, for example, Pinot Blanc – you can't live off that," he says.
He lacks a clear concept of initiator. "Many still have it in their heads as it was ten years ago, but a lot has changed, pesticide use has decreased, technology has improved and much stricter controls are in place. It is increasingly being called a calcium phosphonate plant protection agent, and now even baking soda "says the organic grower. "It always happens that we're not interested in insects, but that's not true," he says. An organic wine grower has invested a lot of money each year in flowering seeds, which he brings to his vines.
"The consequences for wineries, in my opinion, are not predictable and very complex," points out Friedhelm Rinklin of Vineyards and Biolandhof Rinklin of Eichstetten. "Unfortunately, these have only been vaguely described so far, as the initiators of the movement so far have been paying more attention to what formulations will be understandable to consumers, in order to get approval with simple sentences," he criticizes. Almost existential uncertainty is currently high, even among organic growers.
created by means
which should be allowed. "
Sarah Adelmann, Nabu
"In principle, a referendum is desirable." Everyone agrees with the initiative, the requirement: After that, only affordable products, manufactured under these conditions, are purchased and consumed to vote for each bee, and then produce from all over the world. buying it manufactured to a lower standard would be too easy, ”says Eichstetter.
This has to be completely abandoned by pesticides, so you disagree, says Sarah Adelmann, Nabu-Artenschutzbeauftragte for bumblebee and species protection consultant for wasps and hornets. "We have made a list of resources that should remain acceptable, many do not even know. Winemakers and farmers say and can make suggestions. We are in good contact with the Kaiserstuhl growers. Cooperation is paramount, otherwise we will not go further," says Adelmann.
"We in Nabu think the referendum is very good and long overdue, but so far too little has happened on a voluntary basis," Adelmann says. The path is not prescribed, they are the goals, she emphasizes. Of course, farmers and growers are scared and afraid of the negative consequences, they can understand it well, but it is more frightening than there are tangible reasons, ”said a nature protection official.
The fear of not being allowed to spray is unfounded and, according to Adelmann, stems from strong lobbying by, for example, farmers' associations. "What is often forgotten is that Nabu is also pro-agriculture, and we would not support the referendum if we feared farmers would have to close their farms." Not much is eaten as warmly as it is served. In the next fifteen years, we want to organically cultivate half the entire land, which means that everyone can choose whether or not they want it, "Adelmann emphasizes. Conversion also doesn't work from zero to one hundred." to fight this together, because we have the same goal, "says the security officer.