During menopause, women undergo hormonal changes. When this process begins, it differs individually. For most of them, it starts around the age of 50 – but sometimes even sooner or later.
Menopause: When does the rule last?
Menopause, also called menopause, marks the transition between the fertile and infertile stages of a woman's life. The ovaries work slower and the production of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone declines. This process takes several years and can be divided into the following stages of life:
- premenopausal: Since the age of 40, the hormones estrogen and progesterone have been gradually declining and fertility declining rapidly. The first signs of menopause are irregular periods and stronger PMSDiscomfort.
- perimenopause: The phase from one to two years before and up to one year after menopause (= moment of last menstruation) is called perimenopause. Bleeding and ovulation are becoming more frequent and frequent menopausal such as hot flashes, sweating, weight gain, mood swings and sleep disorders.
- menopause: Menopause is the time of last menstruation and thus the beginning of infertility. It averages at age 51.
- Postmenopause: Twelve months after the last menstruation, postmenopause begins. Symptoms such as hair loss, back pain and vaginal dryness it can happen.
What are the first signs of menopause?
As a result of changes in hormone balance, various complaints can occur in menopause. Typical symptoms include hot flashes, sleep problems, or chest pain. If that happens, the hormone conversion is already in full swing. The first signs have already been spotted earlier. The following symptoms may help you recognize the onset of menopause:
- mood swings
- Depressive moods
- sleep disorders
- blinking hot
- Cycle irregularities
- breast sensitivity
- water retention
- joint pain
- Dry mucous membrane and vagina
Since symptoms may not always be directly related to the symptoms of menopause, you should always consult your family doctor or gynecologist first.
Menopause Is Possible From The Age Of 40?
In some women, menopause begins very early. So, the level of the female hormone estrogen can drop sharply by the mid-30s. Experts talk about "premature menopause" in this case. Among 30-year-olds, it is estimated that about one in every 1,000 women is affected. In the case of the 40-year-old, this is one in every 100 women who enter menopause too soon. If you experience symptoms typical of younger women, such as cycle irregularities, hot flashes or sudden sweating, you should consult a gynecologist. This can be determined based on blood hormone levels and bone density measurements, whether it is truly an early menopause or whether there may be some other disorder.
Possible causes of premature menopause
The causes of early onset of menopause are often not 100% identifiable. Experts believe either the malfunctioning of the ovaries or the oocytes break down too quickly. Other causes of prematurity menopause can be cancer treatments like chemo and radiotherapy or ovarian failure, ie ovarian failure.
Genetic predisposition or autoimmune diseases can also lead to hormone decline and early onset of menopause. Likewise, heavy smokers are at greater risk for symptoms of premature menopause. Experts advise that the affected women take hormone replacement therapy. Due to the lack of estrogen in the body it can start after a few months, bone loss, which results osteoporosis water. Hormone therapy can prevent this.
How long does menopause last?
It often takes several years before a woman's hormonal changes are completed. Menopause usually lasts between 10 and 15 years. When they start and how long they last varies from woman to woman. Hereditary and ethnic factors play an important role here.
Important note: The information does not replace professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized physicians. The contents of equilibreplus.com cannot and should not be used to make independent diagnoses or to initiate treatment.