10/10/2019 – 10:05 am
after psychotherapy e.g.
Teens are "just in a bad mood", they don't love each other – does it go away? For most. But contrary to popular belief, many children and adolescents are affected by classic depression. About nine percent of Germans under the age of 18 are depressed. The older the children, the more often they can be identified.
Depression is triggered by stressful life events such as the death of a parent, prolonged parental stress, the experience of abuse, or misconduct by other close caregivers. Adverse relational patterns such as neglect, neglect of children’s needs, or constant conflict situations can also be a source of depression for children. Also, current school difficulties or conflicts with peers (violence) can make a child sick.
Depression symptoms are often atypical in children and adolescents. Therefore, an experienced specialist, pediatric and adolescent psychiatrist or psychotherapist should be consulted for the diagnosis. For the sake of history, the practitioner conducts a detailed interview with the parent and child. These include the development and course of symptoms, the development of the child, and family stressors. If necessary and if possible, teachers or educators are also involved. Depending on the age of the child, the child is introduced to questionnaires or non-verbal tests such as drawing or supplementary sentences. Depression is diagnosed when symptoms persist for at least two weeks almost every day and for most of the day. Sometimes additional examinations are needed to rule out physical ailments such as thyroid or brain.
Treating mild depression involves first educating parents, providing in-depth counseling to reduce the burden, improving relationships with your child, and communicating problem-solving strategies. However, if symptoms do not decrease after six to eight weeks, psychotherapy support should be sought. For severe depression, the use of antidepressants may be considered. If there is a risk of suicide or diagnosis of other serious mental illness, hospital stay is required.
Depression in children and adolescents is usually shorter than in adults and more often fully returned. However, adolescents with experience of depression relapse more often than adults and also have an increased risk of depression as adults. Driven by illness, some children and adolescents withdraw from social life, which can delay development and even increase depression. It is also possible for children and adolescents to resort to alcohol or even drugs to escape from their emotional world. Even children over the age of six already know about escaping suicide. Therefore, urgent care should be sought from a pediatrician or GP.
Children and adolescents in this stage of illness need positive empowerment, self-esteem, and experience of influence and power over their lives. Because many suffer from "learned helplessness." Advisory adjustment to daily life is very effective. Finally, the child and the environment are also advised on strategies to prevent depression.
What is depression?
The same symptoms apply to adults and adolescents: there is a depressed mood, loss of joie de vivre, a decline in one's instinct, and thus a decline in one's own interests and activities. In addition, problems with concentration and memory can be signs. Self-esteem or guilt disorders, sleep disorders or appetite can occur. The ultimate end is thoughts of suicide or trying to implement.
Experts believe that depression is always a combination of biological, psychological and social factors. Severity and history are affected. Also, the lack of messengers containing serotonin, noradenine and dopamine in the brain plays a role.
In most cases, depression leads to more. Up to two-thirds of patients have an anxiety disorder, half have a disorder of social behavior and one-third have access to alcohol and / or drugs.
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Original Content: pro psychotherapie e.V., News actuell reports