Large supermarket chains in Germany, such as Aldi or Rewe, have pulled in dairy products that may contain the bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila / caviae. Pollution was detected during routine inspections, the dairy company DMK Group and Fude + Serrahn were notified.
There are several types of low fat fresh milk (you will find an overview of all contaminated dairy products here). The most important questions and answers about the pathogen at a glance.
What is Aeromonas hydrophila?
Aeromones are rod-shaped bacteria that usually live in fresh and sage water. The bacteria have a high temperature tolerance of 1 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit. So, they can also defy the temperatures in the fridge and the light heat, but die if they get hot.
What infections can bacteria cause?
For example, if a person becomes infected with contaminated water or contaminated food, the bacteria can cause gastrointestinal diseases in both children and adults. Wound infections are also possible if bacteria enter the body with a cut. This is extremely unlikely with milk.
Gastric diseases can occur in two extreme forms:
- watery diarrhea or
- bloody, mucusy diarrhea.
As a rule, gastrointestinal infections are so mild that no medication is needed. However, people with weakened immune systems have already been described as having severe sepsis.
How can they be infected with bacteria?
Infections can be caused by contaminated water or food that has come into contact with contaminated water. In the past, oysters and other seafood, egg salad, fish fillets or snails, among others, caused infections.
In addition, one can also become infected if a hygienic kitchen is not honored and prepared, for example, a salad for slicing on previously raw, possibly contaminated fish.
"It's highly unlikely that people get infected with each other," says Stefan Schmiedel, an infectologist at Hamburg-Eppendorf University Hospital. Danger would only exist if healthy people did not wash their hands after using the toilet and thus, if necessary, come in contact with bacteria that excrete sick persons. "And even then, the bacteria would still have to enter the mouth," Schmiedel says. "Wash or disinfect your hands."
In 2015, doctors at the Bremen Mitte Clinic described Aeromonas infection as a consequence of leech treatment. In leeches, leeches led to a massive wound infection.
How common are bacterial infections in Germany?
In Germany, the bacterium is very rare as a water germ. Therefore, Aeromones cause infections less frequently with food than, for example, Salmonella or Campylobacter bacteria. Even tourists who have been infected in another country rarely carry the pathogen, as shown in 2003 in the US.
How could bacteria get into milk?
Water germs came through the faulty sealant to the dairy factory, as milk was sent at equilibreplus.com's request. Accordingly, the defective machine part has now been replaced and production resumed after cleaning and testing.
What if I drink diseased milk?
The products "can lead to health problems like diarrhea," the company warns in a recall. Anyone who has bought milk should, in any case, drink and receive, even without receiving, a refund. If you, on the other hand, have already drunk milk and have symptoms, you should consult your doctor as a precaution and point out the possible association with milk.
"The incubation period can be between one and eight days," says infectologist Schmiedel. "Anyone with a good immune system but can count on the uncritical course of the disease."
How is Aeromonas infection treated?
Infections can be treated with antibiotics. In addition, it is important to ensure good hydration of the body in case of diarrhea.
There have been several food recall in recent days that consumers should pay attention to: