The eternal race of antibiotic-resistant microbe weapons
More and more bacteria are no longer responding to common antibiotics. The number of resistant germ infections has almost doubled in the European Union (EU) from 2007 to 2015. This often affects methicillin-resistant staphylococci: It is almost impossible to deal with these so-called MRSA strains.
Adobe Stock / Sebastian Kaulitzki
Generally, multi-drug resistant bacteria are safe for healthy people. However, it can be dangerous for those whose natural defense system is weakened. In particular, many people with defensive weakness gather in a small hospital area. The bacteria find the ideal conditions here. For example, in 2017, a patient in the U.S. died of an infection after all 26 antibiotics approved there showed no effect on pathogens. The retiree was found to have a multiblog of resistance to Klebsiella pneumoniae, which could not be effectively treated with antibiotics, the American Center for Disease Control CDC said at the time.
Prior to that, she had spent many years in India and was being treated there for a broken femoral neck. Subsequent analyzes showed that Klebsiella were only slightly resistant to a particular antibiotic. However, this medicine is not authorized in the United States. In Germany, nosocomial infections, which means hospital infections, are also one of the most common complications of treatment in Germany. According to the German Society for Hospital Hygiene, nearly half a million patients are hospitalized each year, as many as 40,000 die each year from such hospital infections.
Bacteria washing machine
Studies have already described that antibiotic-resistant bacteria can be housed in washing machines. Now scientists from the University of Bonn have proven for the first time that resistant microbes can be transmitted to humans. And only in the infant department. In another study, this distribution will now be further explored. In the neonatal ward of a children's hospital in Germany, according to the researchers, Klebsiella oxytoca was increasingly detected during routine hygiene examinations. The germ can lead to gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases and, in the worst case, to fatal blood poisoning. Ordinary antibiotics could no longer or only be used to a limited extent.
However, neither parents nor nurses transmitted the bacteria. Klebsielles could be detected on a commercial washing machine in the flush compartment and on the door tires, washed with hand-knitted socks and baby caps. The clothes transferred the sprouts to the infant. No dangerous infections occurred. This result also has consequences for the home country. For environmental reasons or washing instructions, most people wash textiles at temperatures below 60 degrees Celsius. Particularly when seniors with open wounds or younger people with purulent injuries or infections live in the household, the laundry should be washed at least 60 degrees and warmer to avoid the transmission of dangerous germs.
| Source: Alexandra Heeser
- Germs multi-resistant