Weight loss after menopause can negatively affect bone mineral density. This is especially true when the diet changes radically in obese women. This is the result of a study from Australia, which also describes the positive effects of diet.
During the investigation, the results of which were published in the JAMA Network Open and summarized at "gesundheitsstadt-berlin.de", 101 women were examined in greater detail during their diet. The study participants had an average age of 58 years and a relatively high body mass index of 34.4. The women were divided into two groups. They both received a detailed diet plan over twelve months that varied in intensity.
For those women who have followed a tougher diet, the pounds have dropped significantly. At the same time, the actually positive results were also reflected in bone mineral density (BMD), which fell alarmingly.
The Radical Diet: Achievements and Risks
The scientists around Dr. Radhika Seimon of the University of Sidney reported in detail on the following results: Women taking a strictly restricted calorie diet Diet, decreased during the investigation 6.6 kilograms, of which 5.5 kilograms of pure body weight. At the same time, their bone mineral density (BMD) in particular decreased in the hip (- 0.017 g / cm2). The calorie reduction was between 65 and 75 percent for four months, then 25 to 35 percent for another eight months. Sports were recommended, but exercise was not controlled.
Lower bone density after dieting is considered critical as it increases the risk of osteoporosis and fractures increased. Conclusion: "The consequences of accelerated loss of BMD in high-calorie treatment of obesity are clinically relevant, especially if the loss of BMD persists after a 12-month intervention."
This can prevent you from gaining too much weight during menopause.
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Death risk reduced
At the same time, scientists point out that the negative and positive consequences must be weighed down. For example, during the diet, the risk of diabetes 2 and cardiovascular disease has just dropped. This would mean at the same time a reduced risk of dying.
Also, the study found that the radical diet compared to the more moderate form – the second control group decreased over the entire 12-month period, only 25 to 35 percent – easier to support. Demolition was three times less likely here! Researchers attribute this to the greater motivation that comes with losing weight: Those who see success and feeling quickly prefer to stick to the bar.
Menopause health is more than your ideal weight. This is what is important:
The study shows
Menopausal Health – This is What Really Matters
Body mass index, in short BMI, is considered to be the most important indicator of our ideal weight – and thus for many health problems. A study from the US now shows: At least menopausal women are more important than other factors. The determining factor is not its weight, but its distribution.
Weight loss remains important
Although researchers at Sidney warn about post-menopausal diets – especially if maintained over a long period of time – they are by no means against losing weight. Women who have suffered from osteopenia or osteoporosis and who have bone-strengthening treatments However, they will need to be extra careful and consult a doctor.
At the same time, researchers are calling for further research on how to prevent a decrease in bone density during diets.
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