Inflammatory eyes are not uncommon: whether they are a child or an adult, almost everyone has occasional red eyes. But what lies behind this symptom? They are certainly the most common causes Allergy or conjunctivitis, but apart from these two diseases, there are other causes of eye inflammation. We'll give you an overview of the different types and explain what you can do to prevent eye infection.
What is an eye infection?
The eye is made up of many different components. Each of them can be ignited. For this reason, very different eye diseases can be diagnosed.
But what types of eye inflammation are there? Depending on where the inflammation is in the eye, different forms of ophthalmia can be distinguished:
- Conjunctival inflammation
- Iris inflammation
- An inflammation on the eyelid
- Inflammation of the outer skin (cornea and dermis)
Conjunctivitis as the most common form of ophthalmia
One common site of eye infection is Coupling. The conjunctiva is hit the fastest, especially in the context of bacterial ophthalmia. But it can also be caused by viruses or other microbes, as well as allergies or irritations due to external influences such as dust or chlorine in the pool.
Characteristically comes with a conjunctivitis (Conjunctivitis) to redness, watery eyes. In addition, eyes can be glued and purulent.
The aggressive form of conjunctivitis is one caused by adenoviruses About the flu, in addition to flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache and physical pain.
Another common localization, especially recurrent ophthalmia, is iris. The iris is also called the iris and it is the part of the eye that determines the color of our eyes. Iris anatomically belongs to the skin of the middle eye, in professional circles also uvea called. It's called middle-skin inflammation uveitis text.
Hit one iritis (Uveitis anterior) usually report dull pain in the eyes and forehead. Again the eyes are red. In chronic inflammation of the eye, which has uzitis uveitis, the typical redness may be completely absent.
Causes of uveitis can be like conjunctivitis bacteria or viruses. The risk of uveitis is increased if the person is already suffering from a chronic inflammatory disease, such as Crohn's disease or rheumatoid arthritis.
In addition to conjunctiva and iris are also shutters another place where infections often spread. If the eyelids are inflamed, you can often see ductal edema and redness of the eyelid.
There are eyelids on the eyelids, which create a tear film secretion. Here, skin bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, feel particularly good and often lead to inflammation. Continuous rubbing of the eyes – in the worst case even with dirt on the fingers – makes it easier for bacteria to enter the appropriate areas of the eye.
A painful, red knot on the lid may be so-called stye (Hordeolum) rank. Barley grain is a bacterial inflammation of the eyelid, more specifically the eyelid. Barley grain is very well treated with proper antibiotic therapy and almost never becomes chronic. Another form of blepharitis (blepharitis) is infectious hailstone (Chalazion), which is caused by blockage of the meibomaniac gland.
On the contrary, stop allergic eye inflammation, which always return within a certain period. Due to this characteristic, occasional eye inflammation is also mentioned, as they are triggered by seasonal allergens, such as birch pollen. Dust mites are also a common driver of periodic eye inflammation, which can become chronic over time.
Inflammation of the outer skin of the eye
The outer skin of the eye includes the dermis and cornea. Both can be ignited. The causes and symptoms are different.
keratitis (Keratitis) causes more than 90 percent of bacteria. Viruses and fungi play a minor role here. Increased risk of wearing your own keratitis contact lenses. Contact lenses make it easier for bacteria to invade the cornea. A special form of corneal inflammation is caused by the viral keratitis herpes simplex virus.
All forms of corneal inflammation are associated with severe pain and should be treated urgently by an ophthalmologist to prevent long-term damage.
In addition to the cornea, the dermis (sclera) is still part of the outer skin of the eye. Skin of dermatitis (Scleritis) is usually limited to only a small portion of the dermis, then called episcleritis. Most of the time this is triggered by stress and is noticeably reddened by the eyes.
What symptoms can occur?
There are a number of symptoms that can occur with an inflammation of the eye. Some are quite nonspecific, while others may indicate the disease. Here are some symptoms:
- red eyes are the most common symptom
- many patients describe a foreign body in the eye
- In bacterial inflammation, yellow mucus is often present in the eye
- eyes can be stuck with pus
- the eyelid may be swollen
- Photophobia – This is the medical term for photosensitivity: patients perceive light as painful or unpleasant and therefore avoid all possible light sources
- Blurred vision can occur in some eye diseases
Inflammation of the eyes in children
Even children can be affected by eye inflammation. They also show typical symptoms, such as a clear to purulent discharge in the eyes.
Most of the time, viruses – more specifically, adenoviruses – are behind it, causing conjunctivitis. This is highly contagious, as long as the secretion leaks from the eyes. For these reasons, it is advisable to pay close attention to hygiene in such situations so as not to infect the family.
Shortly after birth, a purulent infection of the eyes may occur in the baby, in which the eyes are extremely swollen and heavily patched. In medical jargon, there is one in this case Neugeborenenkonjunktivitis, which can cause vaginal bacteria for example.
Is an eye infection contagious?
Is an eye infection contagious cannot be answered in a lump sum because there are very different types of eye inflammation. Generally, inflammation caused by bacteria or viruses is contagious. In addition, there are allergies or stress-induced inflammation and are therefore not contagious.
Inflammation that can be triggered by bacteria or viruses includes conjunctivitis, uveitis, and barley. All three diseases can also be caused by non-infectious causes, such as allergies.
To make a precise distinction, the advice of an experienced ophthalmologist should be sought. In this way, the individual diseases can best be distinguished and also determine the correct treatment.
Treatment: What helps with eye inflammation?
After being diagnosed with an ophthalmologist, eye inflammation therapy is usually performed. Here, depending on the disease, there are differences in treatment. Obviously, eye infections are treated with eye drops. The composition of the drops, however, varies.
- in non-infectious eye infections, that is, bacterial or virus-free eye diseases usually help with eyewash, which recurs over several days. This helps the lacrimal apparatus to clear the eyes. Tear substitutes like Berberil® Dry Eye EDO® can alleviate symptoms.
- Conjunctivitis, triggered by viruses, it is also treated only by symptomatic flushing with saline.
- in allergic eye inflammation In addition, eye drops with so-called antihistamines can be given. They work against inflammatory substances released by the body and can relieve the symptoms of itching and watery eyes. An example of this is the Allergo-Vision® sine or the PROTECTED ophtha® sine.
- in bacterial ophthalmia Antibiotic drops are used.
- Is one bacterial uveitis In most cases, several medications must be used to prevent daitis from becoming a chronic eye disease.
Green cat as a complication of uveitis
The danger of uveitis is the development of a green star, also called glaucoma. In glaucoma, there is an increase in pressure within the eye. Green star is a very serious disease, as high pressure can damage the optic nerve, which in the worst case can lead to blindness.
You can treat glaucoma over time, but fine. For example, medications for narrowing the pupil may be administered, thereby lowering intraocular pressure.
How long does ocular infection therapy last?
The duration of treatment with eye inflammation can be very different, for example, therapy must continue for several weeks with uveitis, so that chronic eye inflammation does not develop.
In bacterial eye diseases, such as conjunctivitis, an antibiotic cannot initially be administered. This is at the discretion of the doctor. However, antibiotics shorten the duration of the symptoms, which is why they are given frequently.
It can generally be said that antibiotics are prescribed either in the form of eye drops or ointments. No matter in what form, these medicines should be taken for at least five days, and both eyes should always be treated so as not to become infected again.
What can you do yourself against eye infection?
Our eyes are a very sensitive organ, so it should be avoided if possible Home remedies for eye inflammation use. Chamomile tea, for example, can trigger a strong allergic reaction in the eyes.
It is better to use eye protection medications that usually serve to support our tear system. Also in the field of homeopathy there are various medicines when the eyes are inflamed.
Of course, many eye infections are caused by stress, but it is advisable to consult an ophthalmologist for a better evaluation of the ophthalmia before you begin to treat the inflammation on your own.
contact lens wearers one should refrain from wearing contact lenses if the eye burns until it fades. In the case of an infectious form of ophthalmia, it is advisable to replace the contact lens or at least thoroughly disinfect it to prevent re-infection.
Sources and additional information
– Author: Yannis Diener