Antibiotic resistance is one of humanity's biggest problems, which could cost 2050 million dead. The researcher wants to prevent this with a prescription 1,000 years old.
Many people ask about the antibiotic too often. However, the effect is questionable in many cases, with doctors even warning of frequent swallowing. Still antibiotic resistance to – with evil consequences. To prevent a mass extinction horror scenario, researchers are feverishly working on solutions. For example, a researcher wants to try a recipe 1000 years old.
Dangerous antibiotic resistance: Could this be the solution?
An antibiotic does not help with any disease. Above all, it is not always necessary. Doctors have known this for a long time. But patients want a quick cure. This attitude has already fatal consequences today. As germs become more resistant, about 700,000 people worldwide die of antibiotic resistance each year. The solution must be, otherwise, it could be ten million dead by 2050, scientists warn.
British researcher Erin Connelly points to the real danger. Data Curator for Medieval Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. This means that it analyzes and interprets data from medieval, literary and cultural sources. She came up with a possible solution to the problem of antibiotic resistance in her work: new antibiotics. In an interview with The Conversation she reported on this some time ago.
It's a recipe
Then she and her team put together a database of medieval recipes. In their view, the old methods provide an incentive to fight bacterial infections. As part of a pilot study in 2015, a research team released a 1,000-year-old recipe for ointment:
- Take onions, wine, garlic and oxen bile.
- Mix the ingredients and leave them in a nozzle for nine nights before use.
In the Middle Ages, the mixture was used against eye infections. Today a prescription could help with antibiotic resistance. And here's the solution: Fat successfully kills the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, which often causes barley grain – and is resistant to most antibiotics today. It's important, according to Connelly, to just follow the order exactly, so you wait exactly nine days before using the fat.
But can anyone believe that? Certainly, many medieval recipes are pure humbug, the researcher claimed. "Today, the word 'medieval' is used as a derogatory term, suggesting cruel methods, ignorance and regressive thinking," says Connelly. But some formulas are more useful than expected. "Our research is still in its infancy, but it has exciting potential for the future."
New antibiotics on the rise
In contrast, the Federal Ministry of Health has long recognized the dangers of taking antibiotics and subsequent resistance. On the other hand, GGood Stock InvestP (Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership) wants to address this problem – also with new antibiotics. The initiative was established in 2016 at the initiative of the World Health Organization and the Neglected Disease Medicines Initiative (DNDi).
In September 2017, it received € 56 million in funding from the Federal Republic of Germany and international donors. By 2022, an additional 50 million will only be available from the Federal Ministry of Research's budget. So the theme flourishes. The initiative has set some goals for reducing antibiotic resistance:
- Strengthening one health approach = holistic consideration of human and animal health due to global trade
- Identify resistance development early = Update representation data to give physicians a better basis for action
- Maintaining and improving therapy options = a better understanding of antibiotic use and action
- Stop infection chains early and avoid infections = Meet hygiene standards and optimize them to prevent infections
- Promote awareness and strengthen competencies = educate doctors, patients and pet owners
- R&D support = research in all required areas
Antibiotic resistance is dangerous: a solution is needed
In fact, antibiotics are a revolutionary invention that helps fight many diseases that seemed impossible to cure in the Middle Ages. It is ironic that antibiotic resistance needs to be increased, and medieval prescriptions can also be found. So did researcher Connelly.
Be careful with antibiotics on your own. The intake is not recommended for every disease. You get along well with your doctor. Also interesting: In Florida, coral researchers treat antibiotics. In addition, micro-robots will fix you from the inside out in the future. And maybe doctors will soon be able to scan our entire body.
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