Low Carb, Low Fat, Mediterranean – What Is The Best Diet For Diabetic Patients? Ahead of World Diabetes Day November 14, the German Diabetes Association (DDG) advises on individual nutritional advice.
Low Carb, Low Fat, Mediterranean – What Is The Best Diet For Diabetic Patients? Experts from the German Diabetes Society (DDG) discussed the day before the World Diabetes Day on November 14th.
In recent years, this has almost become a fashion trend: Whoever wants to lose weight or do something good for their metabolism, pay attention to the "low carb" – that is, the diet with the lowest possible carbohydrate content. This diet is also suitable for people with type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes for weight loss.
Carbohydrate content less than 45 percent
A statement from the American Diabetes Association (ADA), however, emphasizes that other diets may be acceptable. The DGG Food Committee analyzed the ADA report and presented the results at the 13th Autumn Diabetes Conference in Leipzig.
By the ADA definition, a "low carb diet" is a diet that contains carbohydrate content of less than 45 percent of total energy intake, and for "very low carbohydrates" as much as 26 percent of energy consumed comes from carbohydrates.
At low risk of carbohydrates from hypoglycemia
"In short-term studies lasting up to six months, a low-carbohydrate diet can lower HbA1c levels in subjects, as well as blood pressure, triglycerides, and the amount of anti-diabetes drugs," says Prof. Diana Rubin, Chief Physician and Director of the Center for Nutritional Medicine at Vivantes Klinikum Spandau and Humboldt-Klinikum Berlin.
However, these positive effects cannot be sustained in long-term studies – probably because it is difficult for respondents to adhere to strict dietary requirements in the long run. Also, for other reasons, a strict low-carb diet does not go without a problem: first, one can quickly find diabetes medication and reduce it to sugar levels; A change in diet should therefore always be monitored by a doctor, according to a press release.
Also, a "high carbohydrate" diet may be appropriate
On the other hand, there is a risk that patients eat much more fatty foods. "Nutrition recommendations should therefore include a qualitative assessment of macronutrients," says Rubin, who chairs the DDG Diet Board. Therefore, a moderate low-carbohydrate diet may be recommended if – as in Mediterranean dietary samples – it contains a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
A "high carbohydrate" diet may also be appropriate with high fiber content and low glycemic load. "From our point of view, it doesn't make sense to limit just one macronutrient in your diet," Rubin says. There are generally no ideal ideal values for fat, protein and carbohydrate intake.
What Is The Best Diet For Diabetics?
What is the best diet for diabetics you can only find out in individual and qualified nutrition advice. "For nutritional recommendations to be feasible for the patient, they must always be individually tailored and take into account the different types of diabetes, forms of treatment, social aspects as well as personal preferences," says Dr. Nikolaus Scheper, 1st President of the Federal Association of Established Diabetologists.
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