REST – When it comes to sleep, everyone is different. There are those who like to hang out in bed until midday, those who prefer to get up at dawn, those sleepers for whom 6 hours of sleep are enough and those who want twice as much … And you, what type of sleeper are you?
– Idèr Nabili
Do you like to sleep early in the evening? Or prefer to stay up late? Do you think a night’s sleep should last ten hours? Or only six? There are actually many types of sleep, each with different characteristics. “We are not equal when it comes to sleep, we do not all have the same or similar needs,” said Dr. Sylvie Royant-Parola, sleep specialist and president of the Morphée network, to LCI. “In a way, everyone has their sleep.” Which one is yours?
Sleep duration, from double to double
In terms of daily sleep duration, there are three types of sleepers: short-sleepers, medium-sleepers and long-sleepers. “Short-sleepers sleep 6 hours or less each night and are in good shape upon waking,” says Dr. Royant-Parola. “Besides the fact that their sleep is short, it is above all very effective,” says the specialist. “The predominance of their deep sleep is quite impressive, it is very optimized.” Between 3 and 5% of the population is affected by this type of sleep. But no question of cheating. “The ability of short-sleepers is natural. It does not come from the use of substances or particular behaviors,” notes the president of Morphée Network.
In contrast to these short sleepers, there are those who like to spend time under their duvets: they are long sleepers. “These people need a lot of sleep to get in shape. It can be 9, 10 or even 11 hours a night!”, Says the doctor. “If they sleep less, they are very tired the next day. Which, in our current rhythm of life, can be a real handicap.” For them, Dr. Royant-Parola advises to “really respect sleep time, despite the constraint represented in terms of schedule.” 5% of the population is in this category.
Between the two extremes are the middle-sleepers: between 6 and 9 hours per night. And if you do not know what is your ideal sleep time, the president of the Réseau Morphée gives you a tip to calculate it. “Take the amount of sleep you have during the holidays or in unconstrained conditions, remove 2 hours and you find your optimal sleep duration during work.”
What time do you go to bed?
Other different aspects of sleep: getting up and going to bed. First of all, there are “early risers”. “These are people who get up at 6 am and keep a very early rhythm during the holidays,” says Sylvie Royant-Parola. “For them, sleep is 7:30 am!” If this rhythm is “perfectly adapted during the work period”, it restricts the activities in the evening. “They are people often in difficulty for outings or parties … Beyond 10:30 pm, they show real fatigue.” 4 to 5% of the population is affected.
Conversely, there are “late-night owls”. “For them, going to bed before midnight is difficult,” admits the sleep specialist. If taking care is not a concern, getting up early in the work period is much more difficult. “These people are very happy on weekends but are suffering during the week. I advise them to keep the pace as constant as possible and not to get up at noon on weekends so that the start of the week is not not too difficult. To make the big gap in the hours of rising between the week and the weekend is indeed very delicate “, explains the specialist. Again, about one in 20 people is affected.
Sleep: the secrets to sleep well
Are you a good or a bad sleeper?
Another point of difference between individuals: the quality of sleep. “There are good sleepers and bad ones,” said the expert. “Bad sleepers are people who have a good sleep but who are not in good shape. They wake up feeling that the night could have been better. restful moment. ” Conversely, “a good sleeper is someone who is happy and in good shape. Sleep is a pleasure for him.”
But be careful not to disturb sleep. For both good and bad sleepers, Sylvie Royant-Parola distills a few tips that you may find useful to improve the quality of your sleep. “Sport is an extreme regulator of deep sleep. Doing it at least 4 times a week for 30 minutes improves its quality. Respecting regular schedules also helps to stabilize it. Finally, do not take bad habits , such as eating too much in the evening, partying too much, watching the screens just before going to bed or drinking alcohol … “