The decision was a test case for the High Court, which was deeply altered by Donald Trump. The Supreme Court of the United States inflicted a new setback on the Conservatives on Monday by invalidating a very restrictive Louisiana law on abortion.

After granting protections to sexual minorities and then to young undocumented migrants, the highest court in the country found that this law placed an “excessive burden” on Louisiana women and violated their constitutional right to abort.

An “unfortunate decision” for the White House

“We breathe a sigh of relief,” immediately commented Alexis McGill Johnson, president of the powerful family planning association Planned Parenthood. For her, “the Court sent a clear message to the political class: stop trying to prevent access to abortion”.

The White House on the contrary deplored an “unfortunate decision” which “devalues ​​the lives of mothers and unborn children”. “Unelected judges” have “imposed their political preferences in favor of abortion to overturn legitimate regulations,” said spokeswoman Kayleigh McEnany in a statement.

A text that would have closed two establishments

In 2016, Donald Trump promised his voters to appoint judges opposed to abortion to the Supreme Court. Since his election, he has brought in two new magistrates, Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh who, on Monday, defended Louisiana law, without enough to win the majority.

This text, adopted in 2014, aimed to oblige doctors performing abortions to obtain a license to practice in a hospital located less than 50 kilometers from the place of the intervention. It was to protect women in case of complications, had argued its promoters.

But for its detractors, the law aimed above all to put a stick in the wheels of clinics and its implementation would have led to the closure of two of the three establishments performing abortions in Louisiana.

Beyond the local issue, the case was seen as a barometer of the Supreme Court’s determination to uphold its historic 1973 ruling, Roe V. Wade, which recognized the right of Americans to have an abortion. Louisiana law was indeed almost similar to a Texas text, which the temple of law had invalidated in 2016, deeming it too restrictive.

“We are relieved that Louisiana law has been blocked,” said Nancy Center, president of the Center for Reproductive Rights, who represented state clinics. But for her, the fight is not over since many States, especially in the South and the Center of the country, galvanized by the arrival of new judges to the Court, continue to adopt restrictive laws.

“Nothing will stop them in their efforts to bring down Roe V. Wade,” added Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden. “We must defend it with the same force”.

Meanwhile, the conservative group Alliance Defending Freedom stressed that the decision was “narrow” and that it did not prevent new laws. “Our work to prioritize women’s health over the economic interests of the abortion business will continue at the federal, state and local levels,” promised the head of her team of lawyers, Kristen Wagoner.

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